Here is an interesting question from Claire
Hi Colin, I was looking at some eye drops today fortired eyes (optrex- I think it was the refreshing ones) and I noticed that witch hazel and alcohol were listed as ingredients, I though that both of those were astringent and I can’t see how they could make eyes feel better. Could you give me an idea why they might be there? Thanks! Claire
Two ingredients listed, but I think we are only talking about one raw material here.
Witch hazel is extracted from the twigs and leaves of the witch hazel bush (Hamamelis virginiana – you will see this latin name on ingredient lists). The extraction technique includes alcohol some of which carries over into the witch hazel and that is I imagine where the alcohol on the list comes from.
Witch hazel is as you say an astringent. But what do we mean by that? It is one of those terms that often gets bandied about. It is usually thought of as a sort of shrinking of the skin. That is how it feels, but is it really what is going on? I haven’t found an official definition. But you don’t need a definition to know what something is. I don’t suppose many of us could define and elephant, but we know what one is when we see one, and most of us have a sort of intuitive feel about what the word astringent means.
So remembering having had witch hazel applied to bruises when I was a kid, the astringent experience was intense pain, a feeling of tightening of the skin and then a numbing of the pain that kicked in a little later. I don’t know exactly what was happening, but I imagine it is something to do with the pain receptors in the skin being shut down, probably as a result of being stimulated by something in the witch hazel. Once they have been triggered they will be depleted for a period and so you won’t feel so much pain and irritation. This might well also have the effect of provoking an inflammatory reaction.
If I am right then I would have to agree with Claire. It is not in principle a good idea to have witch hazel in eye drops. But I doubt that there is very much in the formulation. I can’t see it being enough to provoke much or indeed any reaction. I expect it is just a nominal amount to make it sound nice. Most people don’t think these things through too logically so the marketing team might well have just wanted to include an ingredient to help them to make a story. Witch hazel is associated with healing – so in it goes! Or that is my opinion anyway. Optrex will have made sure that the product was safe enough to use before they released it.